Hey Folks! CrossFit and footwear both lend themselves to a unique vocabulary. Check out the list below to descriptions and definitions for some elementary terms…
Clean and Jerk –
Drop – Drop refers to the height difference between your heel and forefoot. If you’re barefoot, and on even ground, you have zero drop from your heel to your forefoot. If you’re wearing olympic lifting shoes, you could have more than an inch drop from heel to forefoot. And, if you’re wearing stilettos, you’d have a 3-4″ drop…just saying.
Forefoot – Forefoot refers to the front (i.e., “fore) of your foot and includes your toes and the balls of your feet. Barefoot runners and those in minimalist footwear should be landing on this portion of the foot as it allows the body and feet to take full advantage of their design.
Last – The solid form around which a shoe is molded. Basically, a model foot. The last’s shape and design determines the shoe’s final fit, and to a certain degree, appearance.
Lateral – Describes a structure away from the midline of the body. When referring to your feet or your shoes it refers to their outside area.
Medial – Describes a structure toward the midline of the body. When referring to your feet or your shoes it refers to their inner area.
Minimalist – Again, Inov-8’s FAQ provides a concise description of the minimalist shoes. Minimalist shoes have:
- Minimal or even no midsoles (the cushioning section of the sole)
- Little or no height difference (i.e., drop) between the heel and forefoot
- No supportive features such as arch support
- Flexibility both laterally (sideways) and longitudinally (lengthways).
Natural Running – Inov-8’s FAQ provides a great definition. It states, “Natural running is a running style that involves landing on your forefoot rather than your heel, while also shifting your centre of gravity by leaning forward.”
Olympic Lifting – Olympic Lifting includes two lifts (the snatch and the clean and jerk). The olympic lifts test our explosive/ballistic strength. The are executed faster (much faster) than the power lifts. As Wikipedia puts it, “Properly executed, the snatch and the clean and jerk are both dynamic and explosive while appearing graceful.” CrossFit followers utilize the olympic lifts to train for explosive and functional strength.
POSE Method –
Power – Muscular power is the ability to exert maximal force in minimum time. Power could also be referred to as explosiveness. Read more at http://www.livestrong.com/article/507621-differences-between-muscular-strength-and-power/#ixzz2eb06htHK.
Powerlifting – Powerlifters compete in the squat, dead lift, and bench press. The emphasis in powerlifting is testing the human limits of strength (as opposed to power).
Strength – Muscular strength is the ability of a muscle or a group of muscles to exert a maximal force for a brief period of time. Read more at http://www.livestrong.com/article/507621-differences-between-muscular-strength-and-power/#ixzz2eazipLdK.
Transitional – This term, for purposes of this website, refers to shoes that assist the wearer with making the transition from classic, cushioned shoes, to minimalist, near-zero or zero drop alternatives.